English Grammar(Pronoun) :
A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun-equivalent. It is the replacement of noun.
(Noun এর পরিবর্তে যে শব্দটি বসে তাকে Pronoun বলে। এটি Noun এর প্রতিস্থাপনও বটে।
Common pronouns are (I, me, he, she, him, his, her, they, them, it, we, and us.)
(i) She is a pretty girl.
(ii) His contribution is appreciable.
(iii) They are unbeatable.
(iv) This job is done by them.
Role of Pronoun in a sentence: Pronouns are usually short words and they are used to make sentence less cumbersome and less repetitive.
Kinds of Pronoun:There are many different kinds of pronouns. Such as:
1. Personal Pronoun
2. Possessive Pronoun
3. Reflexive Pronoun
4. Intensive Pronoun
5. Indefinite Pronoun
6. Demonstrative Pronoun
7. Relative Pronoun
8. Interrogative Pronoun
9. Reciprocal Pronoun.
1. Personal Pronoun:
Personal pronoun is used instead of person. Such as (I, you, he, she, we, they and who).
When a personal pronoun is the subject of a verb then it is called Subjective Pronoun (I, we, he, she, they, and you).
E.g. I love this book.
When a personal pronoun is not a subject and acts as the object then it is called Objective Pronoun (me, you, her, him, it, us, them and whom).
E.g. Give it to him.
2. Possessive Pronoun:
A Possessive Pronoun shows ownership of something. Such as (his, hers, its, mine, yours, ours, and theirs).
(i) This pen is mine.
(ii) Yours one is not real.
(iii) Take hers from the room.
iii. Reflexive Pronoun:
Reflexive Pronoun refers back to the subject in the sentence. They are (myself, himself, herself, ourselves, themselves, yourselves and itself).
(i) I ask myself when I take a decision.
(ii) He spoke to himself.
(iii) We learn about ourselves every day.
iv. Intensive Pronoun:
An Intensive Pronoun is used for emphasis. Intensive pronouns are (myself, himself, herself, yourself, itself, yourselves, ourselves and themselves).
(i) I myself have done the job.
(ii) The president himself visited the area.
(iii) He himself can’t do it.
v. Indefinite Pronoun:
An Indefinite Pronoun refers to an indefinite or non-specific person or thing. Indefinite pronouns are (any, anything, some, someone, somebody, everybody, everything, everyone, nobody, none, one, several, some, few, many and each).
An Indefinite pronoun may look like an indefinite adjective but it is used differently in sentences by taking the place of a noun.
(i) All people gathered here for the same purpose.
(ii) Does anyone know anything about the matter?
(iii) Anybody can play the game easily.
(iv) None but the brave deserves the fair.
(v) Each must do his best.
(vi) One must do one’s duty.
vi. Demonstrative Pronoun:
A Demonstrative Pronoun particularly point out a noun. This, these, that and those are demonstrative pronouns to point out a noun.
A Demonstrative pronoun stands alone but a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun.
(i) You can smell that from here.
(ii) This smells good.
(iii) Those were bad days.
(iv) Look at that.
(v) Would you deliver this?
vii. Relative Pronoun:
A Relative Pronoun is a pronoun that introduces or links one phrase or clause to another in the sentence. Relative Pronoun are (that, who, whom, where, when, whoever, whichever and whomever).
(i) The person who called me is my uncle.
(ii) I know where I am going.
(iii) The pen which I lost was red.
(iv) You should buy the book that you need for the course.
(v) Robii Thakur is a poet who wrote the National Anthem.
Who and whom refer only to people.
Which refers to things, qualities and ideas.
That and whose refer to people, qualities, things and ideas.
viii. Interrogative Pronoun:
An Interrogative Pronoun is used to ask question. It helps to ask about something. Interrogative Pronouns are (who, which, what, whom, whose as well as whoever, whomever, whichever and whatever).
It is used in the beginning of the sentence.
Who and whom refer to person.
What refers to thing.
Which refers to person or thing and whose refers to person as possessive.
(i) What’s happened?
(ii) What do you expect from me?
(iii) Who designed this website?
(iv) Whose mobile is this?
(v) Whatever did you want?
ix. Reciprocal Pronoun:
A Reciprocal Pronoun refers the relations between two or more persons or things. Each other and one another are Reciprocal Pronouns.
We use Reciprocal Pronouns when there are two or more persons or things doing the same thing.
(i) Rimi and Raju like each other.
(ii) Why don’t we believe each other?
(iii) They do not tolerate each other.
(iv) We should help one another.